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Journal of Obstrectic Anaesthesia and Critical Care
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-16

Anaesthesia for assisted reproductive technology (ART): A narrative review

1 Department of Anaesthesia, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ranjana Khetarpal
Department of Anaesthesia, Government Medical College, Amritsar - 143 001, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOACC.JOACC_63_21

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Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is used primarily to address the treatment of infertility which includes medical procedures such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF), intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT) or zygote intra-fallopian transfer (ZIFT). IVF has revolutionised infertility treatment and is nowadays widely accepted all over the world. The IVF is carried out as a daycare procedure and many anaesthetic regimens have been studied, tried and tested so far. An anaesthesiologist's role mainly comes into play during trans- vaginal oocyte retrieval and embryo transfer (ET) process of IVF. Various techniques of anaesthesia are practised which include general or regional anaesthesia, conscious sedation or monitored anaesthesia care, patient-controlled analgesia, acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). The anaesthetic management needs careful consideration of the effect of drugs on the maturation of oocytes or embryonic development, fertilisation and pregnancy rates. In view of the Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic, ART clinics have been affected and due to the ambiguity of its effects on the reproductive outcome, anaesthesiologists need to be vigilant and cautious with anaesthetic management during pandemic times. This review includes a discussion of various anaesthetic options and agents along with their advantages or disadvantages if any. The literature sources for this review were obtained via PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. The results of 82 out of 110 articles discussing different methods of anaesthesia for ART procedures over 25 years were compiled.

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